https://www.viarsitek.com/ : Architect And Furniture Designer Of The Modern Age
One of the few notable female designers of present day age, Eileen Gray is an Irish architect and furniture designer who pioneered the Modern movement in architecture and furniture design in the early 20th decade.
Born on August of 1878 near the Irish town of Enniscorthy in southeast Ireland, Kathleen Eileen Moray Gray was the youngest child in a well-to-do Scottish-Irish family. Gray’s father, James Maclaren Gray, was a novice painter and often took the young Eileen with him across painting tours in Switzerland and Italy. In 1898, when she was eighteen years old, Eileen Gray was enrolled by dad at the Slade School of Fine art of the University College London, but she later in order to the Acadmie Julian and the Acadmie Colarossi when dad died on nineteen hundred. Gray continued her studies until 1905, and returned to London to keep up her ailing mother. It was during this time that Gray studied draft beer lacquerwork from Seizo Sugawara, a lacquerwork restorer working in the Exposition Universelle in Paris.
Probably the work that Eileen Gray is best remembered for is which the Rue de Lota apartment in Paris. After back in Paris in 1917 at the close of World War I, Gray was commissioned by Mathieu Lvy, a wealthy hat maker, to furnish the interior of her house. Gray spent the next four years, from 1917 to 1921, on the apartment and furnishing everything from the rugs, wall hangings, to her famous Block Screen lacquered wall panels. Workouts also during her stay at the Rue de Lota apartment that Gray introduced two furniture designs, the Bibendum Chair and the Serpent Chair, that had been both meant enhance the interior furnishings of the residence.
When the work was completed, critics instantly praised Gray’s work at Rue de Lota, calling a triumph of modern living. This critical success and the generous commission she received from Levy prompted Eileen Gray to set up her own studio in Paris to show off her work. Gray continued to make several architectural and furniture designs until her death in 1976, which some her designs still existing to centered on.